Author Guidelines

Manuscript Guidelines

            In submitting paper, the research article must be an original copy, about 3,000-5,000 words, single-spaced, and with tables and figures. Specifically, the following guidelines should be observed by submitting authors:

  1. The research article should have these major headings: Title, Author/s and Affiliations/Address, Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusions, Recommendations, and References.
    • Title. The title of the paper must identify precisely the main topic of the article. Be specific and concise. Use of abbreviations is not allowed. Scientific name must be written in italics.
    • Authors. Specify the name/s of the author/s and corresponding affiliations. Write the full names instead of initials. Include only the persons who have contributed to the research. First name, middle initial and family name order should be followed. Write email address below the name of the corresponding author followed by the department, institution and country.
    • Abstract. It should be a left-justified one paragraph, self-contained summary of the most important elements of the paper, i.e., objective/s, sample population and locale, method/design, significant results or findings, and conclusions or implications. It should be about 200-250 words with at least three (3) keywords or phrases.
    • Introduction. All in paragraph form, the introduction should describe the report/paper’s background by introducing the problem (trends and issues). This includes literature references that provide the most relevant background without exhaustive and verbose review of the topic. It also provides the significance of the current study as well as its rationale or purpose.
    • Methods. In narrative and paragraph form, it should discuss the research design, materials (if experimental), sample and sampling strategy, instrumentation (with validation and reliability check) with corresponding evaluation and scoring, data collection procedure, data analysis and ethical consideration. There is no need to cite sources of well-known methods like ANOVA, Duncan’s Multiple Range Test, t-test, Pearson r, etc.
    • Results and Discussion. The results section answers the question “What did I observe?” It communicates the facts, measurements, and observations made by the researcher. On the other hand, the discussion section answers “What does it mean?,” interpreting the results by offering explanation to the outcomes of the study. Meaning of the interpretations are analyzed and supported by studies and literature.
    • Conclusions. This section gives the final worth of the research, its implications and usefulness. It should answer the statement of the problems and should give the whole picture of the result of the study.
    • Recommendations. Based on the findings of the study, this section offers solutions, proposed actions or programs that would resolve issues or challenges found in the study. It also covers the limitations of the study.
    • References. The style format is based on the American Psychological Association (APA). It should be alphabetical and should include all the authors/articles mentioned in the in-text citation. Each reference entry should contain all information needed or unclear identification of the published work. Cite only published researches whether print or online.
  2. The entire manuscript should be single-spaced on a 8.5×11” paper with 0.8” margin in the left, right and top sides and 0.7” at the bottom. Use Arial and 11 as font type and size consecutively.
  3. Observe one space before and after major headings and sub-headings.
  4. Acronyms and unfamiliar abbreviations should be spelled out when mentioned for the first time in the manuscript.
  5. Numbers should not be spelled out unless they start a sentence.
  6. Titles of tables and captions of figures should be concise and comprehensible and should not refer to the text. Observe simple line drawings, computer graphics and good quality black and white photographs in figures. Write the label of figures and plates below the image.
  7. Use APA rules on in-text citations.